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Thread: Oral transmission of CWD into Cynomolgus macaques: signs of atypical disease

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    Exclamation Oral transmission of CWD into Cynomolgus macaques: signs of atypical disease

    TUESDAY, JULY 17, 2018

    Oral transmission of CWD into Cynomolgus macaques: signs of atypical disease, prion conversion and infectivity in macaques and bio-assayed transgenic mice PRION 2018 Conference

    http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogs...-cwd-into.html


    kind regards, terry

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    PRION 2018 CONFERENCE

    READING OVER THE PRION 2018 ABSTRACT BOOK, LOOKS LIKE THEY FOUND THAT from this study ;

    P190 Human prion disease mortality rates by occurrence of chronic wasting disease in freeranging cervids, United States

    Abrams JY (1), Maddox RA (1), Schonberger LB (1), Person MK (1), Appleby BS (2), Belay ED (1) (1) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, GA, USA (2) Case Western Reserve University, National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center (NPDPSC), Cleveland, OH, USA.

    SEEMS THAT THEY FOUND Highly endemic states had a higher rate of prion disease mortality compared to non-CWD states.

    AND ANOTHER STUDY;

    P172 Peripheral Neuropathy in Patients with Prion Disease

    Wang H(1), Cohen M(1), Appleby BS(1,2) (1) University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio (2) National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center, Cleveland, Ohio.

    IN THIS STUDY, THERE WERE autopsy-proven prion cases from the National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center that were diagnosed between September 2016 to March 2017, AND included 104 patients.

    SEEMS THEY FOUND THAT The most common sCJD subtype was MV1-2 (30%), followed by MM1-2 (20%), AND THAT The Majority of cases were male (60%), AND half of them had exposure to wild game.

    https://prion2018.org/wp-content/upl...05/program.pdf

    From: Terry Singeltary <flounder9@verizon.net>
    To: bse-l <bse-l@lists.aegee.org>
    Cc: cjd-l <cjd-l@lists.aegee.org>; cjdvoice <cjdvoice@yahoogroups.com>; bloodcjd <bloodcjd@yahoogroups.com>
    Sent: Tue, Jul 17, 2018 9:12 pm
    Subject: Oral transmission of CWD into Cynomolgus macaques: signs of atypical disease, prion conversion and infectivity in macaques and bio-assayed transgenic mice PRION 2018 Conference

    Oral transmission of CWD into Cynomolgus macaques: signs of atypical disease, prion conversion and infectivity in macaques and bio-assayed transgenic mice

    Hermann M. Schatzl, Samia Hannaoui, Yo-Ching Cheng, Sabine Gilch (Calgary Prion Research Unit, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada) Michael Beekes (RKI Berlin), Walter Schulz-Schaeffer (University of Homburg/Saar, Germany), Christiane Stahl-Hennig (German Primate Center) & Stefanie Czub (CFIA Lethbridge).

    To date, BSE is the only example of interspecies transmission of an animal prion disease into humans. The potential zoonotic transmission of CWD is an alarming issue and was addressed by many groups using a variety of in vitro and in vivo experimental systems. Evidence from these studies indicated a substantial, if not absolute, species barrier, aligning with the absence of epidemiological evidence suggesting transmission into humans. Studies in non-human primates were not conclusive so far, with oral transmission into new-world monkeys and no transmission into old-world monkeys.

    Our consortium has challenged 18 Cynomolgus macaques with characterized CWD material, focusing on oral transmission with muscle tissue. Some macaques have orally received a total of 5 kg of muscle material over a period of 2 years. After 5-7 years of incubation time some animals showed clinical symptoms indicative of prion disease, and prion neuropathology and PrPSc deposition were detected in spinal cord and brain of some euthanized animals. PrPSc in immunoblot was weakly detected in some spinal cord materials and various tissues tested positive in RT-QuIC, including lymph node and spleen homogenates. To prove prion infectivity in the macaque tissues, we have intracerebrally inoculated 2 lines of transgenic mice, expressing either elk or human PrP. At least 3 TgElk mice, receiving tissues from 2 different macaques, showed clinical signs of a progressive prion disease and brains were positive in immunoblot and RT-QuIC. Tissues (brain, spinal cord and spleen) from these and pre-clinical mice are currently tested using various read-outs and by second passage in mice. Transgenic mice expressing human PrP were so far negative for clear clinical prion disease (some mice >300 days p.i.). In parallel, the same macaque materials are inoculated into bank voles.

    Taken together, there is strong evidence of transmissibility of CWD orally into macaques and from macaque tissues into transgenic mouse models, although with an incomplete attack rate. The clinical and pathological presentation in macaques was mostly atypical, with a strong emphasis on spinal cord pathology. Our ongoing studies will show whether the transmission of CWD into macaques and passage in transgenic mice represents a form of non-adaptive prion amplification, and whether macaque-adapted prions have the potential to infect mice expressing human PrP. The notion that CWD can be transmitted orally into both new-world and old-world non-human primates asks for a careful reevaluation of the zoonotic risk of CWD.

    ***> The notion that CWD can be transmitted orally into both new-world and old-world non-human primates asks for a careful reevaluation of the zoonotic risk of CWD. <***

    https://prion2018.org/

    Sunday, February 25, 2018

    PRION ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE 2018 MAY, 22-25 A REVIEW

    http://prionconference.blogspot.com/...-2018-may.html

    9:35 Candace Mathiason (Colorado State University): An Overview-Chronic Wasting
    Disease mother to offspring transmission studies conducted at Colorado State University.

    10:05 Hermann Schätzl/Sandor Dudas (University of Calgary): Oral transmission of CWD
    into Cynomolgus macaques: signs of atypical disease, prion conversion and infectivity in
    macaques and bio-assayed transgenic mice.

    16:30 Jo Moore (USDA, Ames): The agent of chronic wasting disease from pigs is infectious
    in transgenic mice expressing human PRNP.

    https://prion2018.org/wp-content/upl...05/program.pdf

    http://prionconference.blogspot.com/...-2018-may.html

    CWD TSE Prion Zoonosis to squirrel monkey and macaque

    https://www.cste2.org/Webinars/files...ides_FINAL.pdf

    Prion 2017 Conference Abstracts CWD

    2017 PRION CONFERENCE

    First evidence of intracranial and peroral transmission of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) into Cynomolgus macaques: a work in progress

    Stefanie Czub1, Walter Schulz-Schaeffer2, Christiane Stahl-Hennig3, Michael Beekes4, Hermann Schaetzl5 and Dirk Motzkus6 1

    University of Calgary Faculty of Veterinary Medicine/Canadian Food Inspection Agency; 2Universitatsklinikum des Saarlandes und Medizinische Fakultat der Universitat des Saarlandes; 3 Deutsches Primaten Zentrum/Goettingen; 4 Robert-Koch-Institut Berlin; 5 University of Calgary Faculty of Veterinary Medicine; 6 presently: Boehringer Ingelheim Veterinary Research Center; previously: Deutsches Primaten Zentrum/Goettingen

    This is a progress report of a project which started in 2009. 21 cynomolgus macaques were challenged with characterized CWD material from white-tailed deer (WTD) or elk by intracerebral (ic), oral, and skin exposure routes. Additional blood transfusion experiments are supposed to assess the CWD contamination risk of human blood product. Challenge materials originated from symptomatic cervids for ic, skin scarification and partially per oral routes (WTD brain). Challenge material for feeding of muscle derived from preclinical WTD and from preclinical macaques for blood transfusion experiments. We have confirmed that the CWD challenge material contained at least two different CWD agents (brain material) as well as CWD prions in muscle-associated nerves.

    Here we present first data on a group of animals either challenged ic with steel wires or per orally and sacrificed with incubation times ranging from 4.5 to 6.9 years at postmortem. Three animals displayed signs of mild clinical disease, including anxiety, apathy, ataxia and/or tremor. In four animals wasting was observed, two of those had confirmed diabetes. All animals have variable signs of prion neuropathology in spinal cords and brains and by supersensitive IHC, reaction was detected in spinal cord segments of all animals. Protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA), real-time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuiC) and PET-blot assays to further substantiate these findings are on the way, as well as bioassays in bank voles and transgenic mice.

    At present, a total of 10 animals are sacrificed and read-outs are ongoing. Preclinical incubation of the remaining macaques covers a range from 6.4 to 7.10 years. Based on the species barrier and an incubation time of > 5 years for BSE in macaques and about 10 years for scrapie in macaques, we expected an onset of clinical disease beyond 6 years post inoculation.

    PRION 2017 DECIPHERING NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS

    Subject: PRION 2017 CONFERENCE DECIPHERING NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS VIDEO

    PRION 2017 CONFERENCE DECIPHERING NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS

    *** PRION 2017 CONFERENCE VIDEO

    https://www.youtube.com/embed/Vtt1kAVDhDQ

    http://prion2017.org/programme/

    https://www.cste2.org/Webinars/files...ides_FINAL.pdf

    TUESDAY, JUNE 13, 2017

    PRION 2017 CONFERENCE ABSTRACT

    First evidence of intracranial and peroral transmission of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) into Cynomolgus macaques: a work in progress

    http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogs...act-first.html

    https://www.cste2.org/Webinars/files...ides_FINAL.pdf

    SATURDAY, JULY 29, 2017

    Risk Advisory Opinion: Potential Human Health Risks from Chronic Wasting Disease CFIA, PHAC, HC (HPFB and FNIHB), INAC, Parks Canada, ECCC and AAFC

    http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogs...ial-human.html

    https://www.cste2.org/Webinars/files...ides_FINAL.pdf

    http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogs...ial-human.html

    TUESDAY, JULY 03, 2018

    Chronic Wasting Disease CWD TSE Prion Global Report Update, USA, CANADA, KOREA, NORWAY, FINLAND, Game Farms and Fake news

    http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogs...tse-prion.html

    WEDNESDAY, JULY 11, 2018

    CONFIDENTIAL IN CONFIDENCE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY OF PIGS FDA EMERGENCY REQUEST FOR RULE CHANGE USA Section 21 C.F.R. 589.2000

    http://transmissiblespongiformenceph...pongiform.html

    SUNDAY, JULY 15, 2018

    Chronic Wasting Disease Transmission in Cervidae Study Act H. R. 6272

    http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogs...ission-in.html

    SATURDAY, JULY 21, 2018

    ***> Chronic Wasting Disease: new experience in Europe <***

    http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogs...xperience.html


    http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogspot.com/


    Terry S. Singeltary Sr.

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